Posted: 4/1/2011 2:07:17 PM
Just before we begin the Toronto sailing season, I am going to write an article on a slightly different topic. I have often been asked why I serve as a judge and/or umpire.   I have also asked Lynne Beal who is the only International Judge at the club since David Hague and Paul Henderson, to contribute her own answer to the question which I include at the end.   I am going to write about my role as an umpire (on the water for match races). I will leave Lynne to talk about judging (usually fleet racing, whether on the water or on shore afterwards).   Maybe by the end of the article some of you will be inspired to come and join us.
by Andrew Alberti
This page provides links to a set of articles original published in Kwasind magazine. The versions here include animated diagrams. The original articles can be found within the original magazines which are available online back to January 2007. 

Articles before December 2016 are based on the Racing Rules of Sailing 2009-12 or 2013-2016 and have not been updated to reflect the changes that apply as of January 2017 with the publication of the Racing Rules of Sailing 2017-20. A copy of the new rules can be found on
Andrew Alberti has been writing these monthly articles in the Kwasind since early 1997.  They explain the Racing Rules of Sailing. Andrew is a National Judge and National Umpire. He is a member of the Sail Canada Rules and Appeals Committees. The interpretation of the rules contained in the articles is Andrew's and not that of the RCYC or any of the committees he sits on. 

Send your questions to Andrew at


166 Years of Tradition | World-Class Sailing | Toronto Island & City Clubhouse