Posted: 10/1/2015 12:40:10 PM
This month, I am going to answer a question I received by email. Any of my readers can send questions to I have a few restrictions. I am on the Sail Canada appeals committee and I don’t want to get involved in cases that would then preclude my being able to be involved in the appeal. Therefore, I will not answer questions about protest hearings that have not happened yet and I will not answer questions about protests that have been appealed or are still within 15 days of the result having been released so that they could be appealed. 
by Andrew Alberti
This page provides links to a set of articles original published in Kwasind magazine. The versions here include animated diagrams. The original articles can be found within the original magazines which are available online back to January 2007. 

Articles before December 2016 are based on the Racing Rules of Sailing 2009-12 or 2013-2016 and have not been updated to reflect the changes that apply as of January 2017 with the publication of the Racing Rules of Sailing 2017-20. A copy of the new rules can be found on
Andrew Alberti has been writing these monthly articles in the Kwasind since early 1997.  They explain the Racing Rules of Sailing. Andrew is a National Judge and National Umpire. He is a member of the Sail Canada Rules and Appeals Committees. The interpretation of the rules contained in the articles is Andrew's and not that of the RCYC or any of the committees he sits on. 

Send your questions to Andrew at


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