Posted: 5/1/2019 9:23:43 AM

As we start a new sailing season in Toronto, I am going to start a new view of the right-of-way rules. I hope that by giving an overview, I can help my readers understand the rules for themselves. The Racing Rules of Sailing has the right-of-way rules in Part 2 titled “When Boats Meet”. We start with an important concept. Boats are free to sail, at least according to this section of the rules, anywhere, in any direction, at any speed, with any course alteration until they meet another boat or boats. This section of the rules puts limitations on that sailing, once boats meet.

by Andrew Alberti | 0 comments
Posted: 5/1/2019 9:14:27 AM

In the last article, I started a discussion about redress. I discussed two grounds for redress, an improper action or omission of the race committee (62.1a) and giving assistance (62.1c). There are two additional grounds for redress listed in the rules and I will discuss them this month.

by Andrew Alberti | 0 comments
Posted: 5/1/2019 9:07:57 AM

At some regattas, protest committees spend more time on requests for redress than on protests, but I don’t believe that I have spent much time in these articles discussing them. What is a redress? The Oxford dictionary defines redress as “remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation), set upright again”.  Under the racing rules, some undesirable or unfair situations can be fixed, some cannot. Redress is covered by rule 62.

by Andrew Alberti | 0 comments
Posted: 5/1/2019 8:58:26 AM

I have seen a few interactions recently between boats that are racing and boats that are not. The preamble to Part 2, the right-of-way rules, says that the rules of Part 2 apply to all boats who are racing, intend to race or have been racing, as long as the boats are in or near the racing area. The preamble also says that a boat not racing will not be penalized for breaking any of the Part 2 rules except rule 14 or 24.1.

by Andrew Alberti | 0 comments
Posted: 5/1/2019 8:47:05 AM
The first right-of-way rule (rule 10) covers right-of-way between boats on opposite tacks. To use this rule, we must know which tack boats are on. Most of us know that, if the wind is coming over the starboard side, we are on starboard tack. Sometimes it is not so obvious, and the resulting ambiguity may create confusion, and occasionally, exploitation.
by Andrew Alberti | 0 comments
Posted: 5/1/2019 8:39:31 AM
Sometimes when we race with multiple fleets on a course, we run into confusing situations. When two boats are approaching a mark, we usually expect the mark-room rule to come into effect. What if the mark is a mark for one boat, but not the other?

rk, we usually expect the mark-room rule to come into effect. What if the mark is a mark for one boat, but not the other?
by Andrew Alberti | 0 comments
Posted: 4/29/2019 3:33:08 PM
This article had its origin in one of the questions I received last fall. Readers are encouraged to send rules-related questions to
by Andrew Alberti | 0 comments
This page provides links to a set of articles original published in Kwasind magazine. The versions here include animated diagrams. The original articles can be found within the original magazines which are available online back to January 2007. 

Articles before December 2016 are based on the Racing Rules of Sailing 2009-12 or 2013-2016 and have not been updated to reflect the changes that apply as of January 2017 with the publication of the Racing Rules of Sailing 2017-20. A copy of the new rules can be found on
Andrew Alberti has been writing these monthly articles in the Kwasind since early 1997.  They explain the Racing Rules of Sailing. Andrew is a National Judge and National Umpire. He is a member of the Sail Canada Rules and Appeals Committees. The interpretation of the rules contained in the articles is Andrew's and not that of the RCYC or any of the committees he sits on. 

Send your questions to Andrew at


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